Every day, millions of people go online, surf the Internet, access the Internet, log in, connect to the Internet, etc. It doesn’t matter how you say it, but it’s just as common these days to be on the computer to snap and access information for work or leisure breathing. Historian Shalom Lamm considers learning history to be extremely critical. Yeah, grab this computer. However, do you ever stop wondering and thinking about the origins or history of the computer? Of course, the computer as we know it today is nothing more than the beginning with the many different adjustments and improvements (actually constant adjustments and improvements). The computer is a tool that is part of everyday life and is very useful in countless ways for having fun, being productive, educational and much more.
However, let’s take a quick look at the history of this wonder tool. Think math first. This is said because an Englishman, Charles Babbage, a 19th century math professor, actually designed the framework on which computers are based to this day. This design is the analytical engine. In addition, computers can be classified or displayed by dividing them into three generations. The three generations lasted a certain amount of time and made a new computer available or improved on the one that existed at the time. 1937 to 1946 is what is considered to be the first generation. This generation delivered the first electronic digital computer in 1937, which Dr. John V. Atanasoff and Clifford Berry designed and built. It was also named after the creators; known as Atanasoff-Berry Computer or ABC. Electronics was taken to the next step with the Colossus, built and designed for the military in 1943. Developments in electronics continued, and the electronic numerical integrator and computer, also known as ENIAC, was built in 1946. It was the first general purpose computer. This digital computer weighed 30 tons and had 18,000 processing vacuum tubes. The story goes that this computer dimmed parts of Philadelphia when it was first turned on. This generation had no operating systems and could only do one job.
The second generation is from 1947 to 1962 and the reliable transistors replaced the vacuum tubes. In 1951, the Universal Automatic Computer, which was the first to be used commercially, was introduced to the public. Today the International Business Machine or IBM is well known, but it was first introduced in 1953 with the 650 and 700 series. In this generation over 100 programming languages with memory and operating systems were created. Tape and floppy disk for storage media were used, and so were printers. 1963 to date represents the third generation. The integrated circuit was invented and made computers much smaller, more reliable, more powerful and many programs could be executed at the same time. In the 80s, Ms-Dos or Microsoft Disk Operating System (1980) and the personal computer by IBM (1981) were created. Then Apple came up with the Macintosh interface, which was icon-driven with the Windows operating system of the 1990s. CEOs like Shalom Lamm study this story to better understand their roles.